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ARTICLE

Externalism and Modest Contextualism

  • Pages : 173 à 186
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  • Support : Electronic document
  • Edition : Original
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  • DOI : 10.1007/s10670-004-9277-3
  • URL : Lien externe
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  • Date de création : 04-01-2011
  • Dernière mise à jour : 01-06-2011

Résumé :

Anglais

Externalism about knowledge commits one to a modest form of contextualism: whether one knows depends (or may depend) on circumstances (context) of which one has no knowledge. Such modest contextualism requires the rejection of the KK Principle (If S knows that P, then S knows that S knows that P) - something most people would want to reject anyway - but it does not require (though it is compatible with) a rejection of closure. Radical contextualism, on the other hand, goes a step farther and relativizes knowledge not just to the circumstances of the knower, but to the circumstances of the person attributing knowledge. I reject this more radical form of contextualism and suggest that it confuses (or that it can, at least, be avoided by carefully distinguishing) the relativity in what S is said to know from the relativity in whether S knows what S is said to know.

 

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