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Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution

Résumé :


Modern mechanics was forged in the seventeenth century from materials inherited from Antiquity and transformed in the period from the Middle Ages through to the sixteenth century. These materials were transmitted through a number of textual traditions and within several disciplines and practices, including ancient and medieval natural philosophy, statics, the theory and design of machines, and mathematics. This volume deals with a variety of moments in the history of mechanics when conflicts arose within one textual tradition, between different traditions, or between textual traditions and the wider world of practice. Its purpose is to show how the accommodations sometimes made in the course of these conflicts ultimately contributed to the emergence of modern mechanics. – The first part of the volume is concerned with ancient mechanics and its transformations in the Middle Ages; – the second part with the reappropriation of ancient mechanics and especially with the reception of the Pseudo-Aristotelian Mechanica in the Renaissance; – and the third and final part, with early-modern mechanics in specific social, national, and institutional contexts. M.-M. V.


Articles :

pages 15 à 49

Theory and Practice in Heron’s Mechanics


pages 51 à 66

Bradwardine’s Rule: A Mathematical Law?


pages 67 à 119

The Origin and Fate of Thomas Bradwardine’s De proportionibus velocitatum in motibus in Relation to the History of Mathematics


pages 121 à 145

Concepts of Impetus and the History of Mechanics


pages 149 à 172

Circular and Rectilinear Motion in the Mechanica and in the Sixteenth Century

VILAIN Christiane

pages 173 à 183

Nature, Mechanics, and Voluntary Movement in Giuseppe Moletti’s Lectures on the Pseudo-Aristotelian Mechanica

LAIRD Walter Roy

pages 185 à 193

Mechanics and Natural Philosophy in Sixteenth Century Pisa : Cesalpino and Buonamici, Humanist Masters in the Faculty of Arts

HELBING Mario Otto

pages 195 à 220

The Enigma of the Inclined Plane from Heron to Galileo

ROUX Sophie, FESTA Egidio

pages 223 à 237

The Pendulum as a Challenging Object in Early-Modern Period


pages 239 à 258

Mechanics in Spain at the end of the Sixteenth Century and the Madrid Academy of Mathematics


pages 259 à 274

Mechanics and Mechanical Philosophy in some Jesuit Mathematical Textbooks of the Early Seventeenth Century


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Dernière mise à jour : Jeudi 01 décembre 2022