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Biology and the Foundations of Ethics

Résumé :


There has been much attention devoted in recent years to the question of whether our moral principles can be related to our biological nature. This collection of new essays focuses on the connection between biology, in particular evolutionary biology, and foundational questions in ethics. The book asks such questions as whether humans are innately selfish, and whether there are particular facets of human nature that bear directly on social practices. The volume is organised historically beginning with Aristotle and covering such major figures as Hume and Darwin down to the present and the work of Harvard sociobiologist, E. O. Wilson. This is the first book to offer this historical perspective on the relation of biology and ethics, and has been written by some of the leading figures in the history and philosophy of science, whose work stands very much at the cutting edge of these disciplines. M.-M.V.


Articles :

pages 10 à 31

Aristotle on the biological roots of virtue: the natural history of natural virtue


pages 32 à 51

The moral status of animals in the eighteenth century British philosophy

BRADIE Michael

pages 52 à 83

From natural to evolutionary ethics

SLOAN Phillip R.

pages 84 à 97

French evolutionary ethics during the Third Republic

FARBER Paul Lawrence

pages 98 à 112

The state and nature of unity and freedom


pages 113 à 153

Darwin's Romantic biology: the foundation of his evolutionary ethics

RICHARDS Robert John

pages 154 à 197

Nietzsche and Darwin


pages 198 à 224

Evolutionary ethics in the twentieth century: Julian Sorrel Huxley and George Gaylord Simpson

RUSE Michael

pages 225 à 256

The laws of inheritance and the rules of morality: early geneticists on evolution and ethics


pages 257 à 275

Scientific responsibility and political context: the case of genetics under the Swastika

FALK Raphael, PAUL Diane B.

pages 276 à 306

The case against revolutionary ethics today


pages 307 à 327

Biology and value theory

MCSHEA Robert J., MCSHEA Daniel W.

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Dernière mise à jour : Dimanche 25 septembre 2022