Système d’information en philosophie des sciences
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ARTICLE

Testimony, Credibility, and Explanatory Coherence

  • Pages : 295 à 316
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  • DOI : 10.1007/s10670-005-4004-2
  • URL : Lien externe
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  • Date de création : 04-01-2011
  • Dernière mise à jour : 10-12-2011

Résumé :

Français

This paper develops a descriptive and normative account of how people respond to testimony. It postulates a default pathway in which people more or less automatically respond to a claim by accepting it, as long as the claim made is consistent with their beliefs and the source is credible. Otherwise, people enter a reflective pathway in which they evaluate the claim based on its explanatory coherence with everything else they believe. Computer simulations show how explanatory coherence can be maximized in real-life cases, taking into account all the relevant evidence including the credibility of whoever is making a claim. The explanatory-coherence account is more plausible both descriptively and normatively than a Bayesian account.

 

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